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What is OSTDS?

Let’s talk about septic tanks and septic systems in a home use application.

If you have never been exposed to a septic tank and drainfield sewer systems. Let us explain. First they are by far the most efficient sewer system available and they recycle the greatest amount of water for our future.

Let’s compare this to public sewer systems that many of you may be familiar with. Practically all of the public systems water when treated goes directly into our rivers, streams, lakes, and oceans to contaminate the reefs, fish, our beaches and our livelihood. Although most public sewer system operators will tell you they treat the water, it is done on an abbreviated scale, leaving much to be desired. See other articles on this information.

Yes the water from the public sewer system can be bad for you if you come in contact with it like swimming, or fishing, or playing in the lakes. This also pertains to septic systems if you have direct contact with it.

According to information from the Florida Department of Health, septic water after moving through two feet of fine sand is as good as any water treatment available today.

So What Is OSTDS?

We at Dixie Septic Tank Inc. are happy to explain.

What you have is an Onsite Sewage Treatment and Disposal System (OSTDS) (meaning it’s located in your yard). What this means is that located in your yard is a septic tank and a drainfield, some of you may call it a leach field. It may be in the front yard or back yard or both, or even in the side yard.

The Health Department determines the size of the tank and size of the drainfield by the number of bedrooms and square footage of the house. Where it is located is determined by the builder and other features of your yard. These may include ponds, lakes, wells, or water retention areas that are on or near your property.

Since 1994 all septic tanks installed in the State of Florida must have a filter installed in them. This filter must be cleaned on a yearly basis or sooner depending on usage. Since 1992 all septic tanks installed must have a baffle in them. This means there are two compartments in the septic tank.

What’s Going On Here?

Every time you use water in your house it flows out of the home into the septic tank. Here some wonderful things happen.

The first compartment catches all water and solids coming from the house. Most solids will float. Bacteria then begin to grow and do its thing on the solids that have come from the house. Bacteria do not do a good job on Fats, Oils and Grease (FOG). So keep this to an absolute minimum. See other information regarding items put down the drain.

The solids are then transformed into sludge by the bacteria. The solids then drop to the bottom of the tank. As the water level rises it flows through an opening in the baffle wall to the outlet side of the tank.

Here located at the outlet end of the tank is a filter (mentioned earlier). This filter works to catch any suspended solids or items that have flowed through to the outlet side.

Water then flows through the filter out into the drainfield. There are a number of choices you can make regarding drainfield type of material. Dixie Septic Tank with more than 40 years in the business has found that a rock type of drainfield is by far the most superior system. Because of economical demands you may have we can address your needs for other systems.

This water then flows through a system of pipes into the drainfield. Here it is dispersed through rock (our type of system) before going into the soil. In some cases the water flows out of the pipes or into chambers directly into the soil below.

The water then moves down through the sand into the ground below. Making it one of the largest sources of artificial groundwater recharge in the state of Florida.
Thus replacing our water sources for future generations.

Isn’t that better when compared to public sewer systems? Some applications may have a pump and alarm. With this system, a couple of items need to be explained.

What happens is after the water flows from the septic tank through the filter, it goes into a separate pump chamber tank. Located in the bottom of the tank is a pump and two floats. One float operates the pump the other float turns on an alarm. In most home applications this tank is at least 300 gallons. The pump is located about 8” off of the bottom of the tank to make sure no solids or sand can go through it. When the water rises, the float turns the pump on and the water is pushed up and out of the tank into the drainfield.

If the pump or floats become inoperative and the water level rise, the alarm will sound a loud noise and the light will come on. This is to notify you of a problem. If this happens we suggest you call us (386) 738-3030 for assistance. There is a silent position on the alarm box to shut off the noise.

In many cases it may have been an electrical surge or a GFI has popped or your circuit breaker has popped. Maybe the outside wiring has been cut? After checking these items and the alarm is still sounding please contact us. You will encounter problems if it is not corrected, as the water is not being pumped to the drainfield. This causes both tanks to fill.

Like all things proper maintenance must be followed.

Septic System FAQs

We are pleased to offer a few articles we have written over the past several years. We hope they might offer tips and answers to questions or issues you may have in regards to septic tanks, septic systems and drain fields. Please contact us directly with specific questions for a personal consultation.

Septic System FAQs
Smart Septic Systems
Going Green
Aggregate Rock System
Equal Distribution™
Pre-Contract Checklist
Septic Systems 101
Septic System Maintenance
Bio-Mat 101
Flushing Medication
Facts and Folklore
Pipe and Rock System
Septic Tank Installation
What is OSTDS?
Fat, Oil and Grease
Septic Industry Problems?
Sewer or Septic System?
Time to Take the Gloves Off!
Failing Septic Systems
Eye Opening Definitions
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Dixie Septic Tank, Inc.

335 N. Boundary Avenue
Deland, Florida 32720

Phone: (386) 738-3030
Fax: (386) 740-7666
Lic# SRO991327
Contact Dixie Septic Tank

     
Home Page Failing Septic Systems Septic System Maintenance What is OSTDS?
Septic Services Going Green Bio-Mat 101 Fat, Oil and Grease
Smart Septic Systems Aggregate Rock System Flushing Medication Septic Industry Problems?
Concrete Septic Tanks Equal Distribution™ Facts and Folklore Sewer or Septic System?
Septic System FAQs Pre-Contract Checklist Pipe and Rock System Time to Take the Gloves Off!
Contact Us Septic Systems 101 Septic Tank Installation Failing Septic Systems
Septic Tank Cleaning Eye Opening Definitions
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